Havana Cuba Business Travel Culture and Politics

Havana Cuba News

Cuba Politics News

Posted August 18, 2004 by publisher in Cuban History

Email this article | Print this article | Search Havana Journal        

A General in the Cuban army, Antonio Maceo was second in command during the War of Independence.

He was known as the “Titan of Bronze” since he was one of the heroic guerrilla leaders in Cuba in the late 19th century.

General Maceo was son of a Venezuelan father and AfroCuban mother who began his fight for the freedom of Cuba from Spain as an enlisted man in the Cuban army in 1868 when the Ten Years War began. Within just five years he was promoted to the rank of General due to his noteworthy bravery and demonstrated ability to outmaneuver the Spanish army.


His most famous campaign in the War was the invasion of western Cuba when his troops, mostly Afro-Cubans on horseback, covered more than 1,000 miles in 92 days and fought the Spanish in 27 separate encounters. However, on December 7, 1896 Maceo was captured and killed as he attempted to rejoin Maximo Gomez’s forces.

Hero of a hundred encounters with the enemy, having borne the flag of Cuban rebellion from one end of the Island to the other during the invasion campaign, the Bronze Titan fell in an enemy encounter at San Pedro field in Punta Brava. The corpses of Maceo and Panchito were picked up the next days by Colonel Aranguren, from Havana, who ran immediately to the battle scene after hearing the news.

They were later buried in secret in the farm of two brothers who swore to keep the burial place in secrecy until Cuba would be free and independent and the correspondent military honors could be given to the hero. Nowadays, the remains of Antonio Maceo and Grajales and Francisco Gómez Toro lie in the monument of the Cacahual, close to the limits of the former farm of San Pedro, and the site is one of pilgrimage for Cuban people.

This massive, raised platform monument to Antonio Maceo features a startling equestrian statue of the great patriot surrounded by 23 enormous iron machetes slicing toward the sky, like daggers in the sides of the colonial power.

Location of the Antonio Maceo Monument in Santiago de Cuba

View Larger Map

  1. Follow up post #1 added on February 24, 2011 by Marilu Dalusong-San Diego

    I’m interested about General Maceo of Cuba because as far as I can remember, my grandmother is half Cuban and half Filipino. Her name was Isabel Maceo Tolentino. My mother was Zenaida Maceo-Sta. Rita Dalusong (born in 1922). My grandmother had one brother (named Lizardo), who was a boxer during his time. My grandmother’s father (I don’t know the name)was the son of a certain General Maceo from Cuba who came to the Philippines and married a Filipina from Pampanga. That’s all that I know. I’m Mrs. Marilu Sta. Rita Dalusong-San Diego.

  2. Follow up post #2 added on December 29, 2011 by Larry Daley with 43 total posts

    No history I can recall

    mentions that Maceo was capture

    before he was killed ....

Would you like to add more information?

Only members can add more information. Please register or log in

  • Advertise at Havana Journal Inc
Images of Cuba
Antique car in Cuba
Follow Havana Journal
SUBSCRIBE to our Cuba Watch newsletter
LIKE us on Facebook

FOLLOW us on Twitter

CONNECT with us on Linked In

Section Archive
Havana Journal, Inc. BBB Business Review

Member of the Association for the Study of the Cuban Economy